Pachaug State Forest, Connecticut

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About Pachaug State Forest:


Pachaug State Forest began with a land purchase in Voluntown, in 1928.  At present, Pachaug covers about 24,000 acres in six towns, and is the largest forest in the State system.  The word "Pachaug" is derived from the Indian term meaning bend or turn in the river.  The Pachaug River, running from Beach Pond to the Quinebaug River, runs through the center of the forest.
Indians of the Narragansett, Pequot, and Mohegan tribes in habited this area in great number.  During the last half of the seventeenth century, the Narragansetts and Pequots were defeated by the combined force of the Colonists and the Mohegans, when in 1700, a six mile square tract was granted to the Indian War Veterans.  Eventually, the central portion of this land grant became "Volunteer's Town," incorporated as Voluntown in 1721.
Old cellar holes and miles of stone fence winding through the woods give evidence that the entire forest was once farmed or pastured.  Abundant water encouraged the establishment of a mill industry as early as 1711.  Nearly every brook has several old mill sites and dams.  Homestead farming and small industry succumbed to

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About Pachaug State Forest:
Pachaug State Forest is the largest forest in the Connecticut state forest system, encompassing over 27,000 acresof land. It is located on the Rhode Island border in New London County, and parcels of the forest lie in the towns of Voluntown, Griswold, Plainfield, Sterling, North Stonington, and Preston. The forest was founded in 1928, but most of the land came from purchases made later during the Great Depression. The Pachaug-Great Meadow Swamp portion of the park was declared a National Natural Landmark in May 1973. The forest is named after the Pachaug River, which runs through the center of the forest. Great Meadow The Great Meadow section of the park is a National Natural Landmark due to its Atlantic white cedar swamp. This type of forest is at risk of being succeeded by hemlock. Hiking trails There are four popular hiking trails, maintained by the Connecticut Forest and Park Association, that run through Pachaug State Forest. The Pachaug Trail runs about 30 miles (48 km) in a
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